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Many travellers claim that the city of Bath is the most beautiful and romantic town in Britain and after visiting it in the spring of 2017 I can fully understand why! Bath is a cosy town with very interesting Georgian architecture and sweeping green countryside. The town is located in the south-west of England in the County of Somerset, 98 miles from London and 15 miles from Bristol and has a population of approx. 100.000. The very early history of Bath dates back to AD 60–70 and has the status of a city since 1590.
Nowadays Bath is a famous base for a summer holiday in Britain and a popular weekend getaway for the people living in London and Bristol. Although Bath is a pretty small town it has a lot to offer! The beautiful town offers a good mix of world-class museums, natural thermal spas, traditional pubs, farmers market and unique shops with home-made products.
Many places in Britain have been placed on the list of UNESCO World Heritage sites, but Bath is the only venue in the United Kingdom where the entire town is registered as a World Heritage site. This year (2017) the town marks 30 years since it was awarded UNESCO World Heritage status.
As already mentioned above, Bath has a very rich history. The town was founded by the Romans who indulged themselves in the natural hot springs and thermal spas. During the reign of Queen Elizabeth (15th century) the city merited for the first time its royal character. Later in the history, the town became an important centre for the wool industry. During the 18th century and under the reigns of King George l, ll and III Bath developed into a hugely popular resort and an elegant town for royalty, aristocracy, businessmen and gamblers.
Everyone who visits Bath knows that the town is home to the author Jane Austen, who described the superficial lifestyle of Bath’s visitors during the 18th century in two of her books (Northanger Abbey and Persuasion). Jane Austin was living in Bath for 5 years (1801–1806). During this period her father died and Austen’s family lost not only the family fortune but also their social standing. Nowadays, there are still a lot of places in Bath (e.g. in Jane Austen Centre) dedicated to one of the most famous female authors of all time.
The most famous place for all visitors of Bath is the Roman Baths complex which includes the remains of the Temple of Aquae Sulis, the Roman Baths, the Sacred Spring, and the museum of Roman artefacts. The Roman Baths complex has UNESCO World Heritage status and is one of the finest historic sites in Northern Europe.
The Roman Baths are a huge part of Bath’s history and nowadays one of the most impressive Roman remains in the world! Since then, the hot thermal water of Bath is highly rich in health-giving Minerals. The most fundamental part of the Roman Baths is the Sacred Spring which produces 1.170.000 litres of 46°C hot thermal water every single day! The main reason for that is the fact that Bath sits in the mouth of a dormant volcano.
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